Land Code

Fort McKay First Nation Land Code Initiative

What is the Land Code?

Fort McKay First Nation became a signatory to the Framework Agreement on First Nation Land Management in 2007. The Framework Agreement is between First Nations and the Government of Canada and sets out the conditions under which First Nations will take back control over reserve lands. The Framework Agreement will not come into effect on Fort McKay reserve lands until Fort McKay First Nation’s eligible electors vote in favour of a Land Code that is unique to Fort McKay.

Why is it important to Fort McKay First Nation?

Currently, the use, occupation, and protection of Fort McKay reserve land are determined by the Indian Act and policies set by officials from Indigenous Services Canada. As your leaders, the Chief and Council will always have a say in how reserve land is managed, but ultimately the final decisions are made by the Government of Canada.

Under the Framework Agreement on First Nation Land Management, 44 sections of the Indian Act no longer apply to a First Nation’s land and resources. Instead, Fort McKay First Nation can manage reserve land and resources under its own Land Code and laws, and the Government of Canada will no longer have any say in how Fort McKay chooses to use, occupy, and protect its reserve land.

How can you get involved?

A land code is unique to each First Nation’s geography, traditions, and social and economic development needs. There are currently 100 communities across Canada with their own Land Codes in place and many more who, like Fort McKay, are now in the process of developing a Land Code for their community.

The next step in the Land Code development process is drafting Fort McKay First Nation’s Land Code. This needs input, participation, and approval from Fort McKay First Nation members.

A Fort McKay First Nation Land Code Committee made up of Elders, youth, and other Fort McKay First Nation members will be the main source of community input. Individual members and/or families are also encouraged to attend community information sessions and give feedback to Committee members, Council and Fort McKay Lands, and leasing staff.

Land Code Committee

In December 2020, Fort McKay Lands and Leasing posted a call out for members interested in joining the first ever Fort McKay First Nation Land Code Committee. Thank you to everyone who expressed interest and accepted an invitation agreed to join the Committee.

We held our Land Code Committee kick-off orientation session virtually on May 18, 2021, with guest speakers from the First Nation Land Management Resource Center providing background information on the Framework Agreement on First Nation Land Management and an overview of the Land Code development process. A term of reference for the Committee was also discussed and will be posted on this page as soon as it is finalized by the Committee Members at our next meeting.

A list of the Land Code Committee members can be viewed by clicking on the link below:
Land Code Committee members – October 7th, 2021

For further information on the Land Code Committee to or to request a copy of Committee meeting minutes (Fort McKay members only) please contact the Land Code Committee Coordinator:

Tara Telnes, Land Management Technician
Fort McKay First Nation

Want more information?

For updates and more information on opportunities to provide input, please visit the Fort McKay First Nation website and watch the FMFN Facebook page for updates on the project. Regular updates will be included in future newsletters and QGM updates.

You can also contact Fort McKay Lands and Leasing Department if you have questions about the land code process:

Fort McKay Lands & Leasing

To learn more about the impact of the Framework Agreement on First Nation Land on signatory First Nations, please watch these videos featuring former Chief of Westbank First Nation, Robert Louie, and retired Chief Austin Bear of the Muskoday First Nation: