Fort McKay First Nation became a signatory to the Framework Agreement on First Nation Land Management in 2007. The Framework Agreement is between First Nations and the Government of Canada and sets out the conditions under which First Nations will take back control over reserve lands. The Framework Agreement will not come into effect on Fort McKay reserve lands until Fort McKay First Nation’s eligible electors vote in favour of a Land Code that is unique to Fort McKay.
Currently, the use, occupation, and protection of Fort McKay reserve land are determined by the Indian Act and policies set by officials from Indigenous Services Canada. As your leaders, the Chief and Council will always have a say in how reserve land is managed, but ultimately the final decisions are made by the Government of Canada.
Under the Framework Agreement on First Nation Land Management, 44 sections of the Indian Act no longer apply to a First Nation’s land and resources. Instead, Fort McKay First Nation can manage reserve land and resources under its own Land Code and laws, and the Government of Canada will no longer have any say in how Fort McKay chooses to use, occupy, and protect its reserve land.
A land code is unique to each First Nation’s geography, traditions, and social and economic development needs. There are currently over 95 communities across Canada with their own Land Codes in place and 36 more who, like Fort McKay, are now in the process of developing a Land Code for their community.
The next step in the Land Code development process is drafting Fort McKay First Nation’s Land Code. This needs input, participation, and approval from Fort McKay First Nation members. A Fort McKay First Nation Land Code Committee made up of Elders, youth, and other Fort McKay First Nation members will be the main source of community input. Individual members and/or families are also encouraged to provide input.
This is a community-driven process and your input is valued. For updates and more information on opportunities to provide input, please visit the Fort McKay First Nation website and watch the FMFN Facebook page for updates on the project. Regular updates will be included in future newsletters and QGM updates.
For more information on the Land Code initiative, contact:
Benita Koochicum, Coordinator, Lands and Leasing
Fort McKay First Nation
Are you interested in being a part of the Fort McKay Land Code Committee? Please read the expression of interest document in the link below.
Please note the expressions of interest are due by January 8, 2020
To learn more about the impact of the Framework Agreement on First Nation Land on signatory First Nations, please watch these videos featuring former Chief of Westbank First Nation, Robert Louie, and retired Chief Austin Bear of the Muskoday First Nation: